::::: Test Results :::::

Summary of Wallet Test Results:
Of all 100 people tested:
74% were honest and returned the wallets.
26% were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Specific Results: Gender Specific | Age Specific | Racially Specific
Comparison Results: Race and Gender | Race and Age | Age and Gender
Misc Q & A | Phone Recordings | What was inside the wallet? | FAQ's

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Gender Specific  Test Results:     <back to the top>
Of the 100 people tested - 
51 were  female and 
49 were male :

Of the 51 females tested:
86% (44) were honest and returned the wallets.
14% (7) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 49 males tested:
61% (30) were honest and returned the wallets.
39% (19) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Note: It was not the intention of this experiment to make any particular group look bad, reinforce stereotypes nor to further a hidden agenda of any kind. The actions of a few members in a group should not, of course, be used to judge the whole group.

Age Specific  Test Results:     <back to the top>
Of the 100 people tested - 
34 were " young people " (appearing to be under 30 years of age),
42 were " middle-aged people " (appearing to be between the ages of 30 and 49 years of age) and
24 were " old people " (appearing to be 50 years of age or older):

Of the 34 "young people" tested:
56% (19) were honest and returned the wallets.
44% (15) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 42 "middle-aged people" tested:
81% (34) were honest and returned the wallets.
19% (8) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 24 "old people" tested:
88% (21) were honest and returned the wallets.
12% (3) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Summary: "Young people" tested were over twice
as dishonest as the "middle-aged people" tested and
over three times as dishonest as the "old people" tested.

Note: It was not the intention of this experiment to make any particular group look bad, reinforce stereotypes nor to further a hidden agenda of any kind. The actions of a few members in a group should not, of course, be used to judge the whole group.

Racially Specific  Test Results:     <back to the top>
Of the 100 people tested -
77 were white and
23 were black:

White People:
Of the 77 white people tested:
79% (61) were honest and returned the wallets.
21% (16) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Black People:
Of the 23  black people tested:
57% (13) were honest and returned the wallets.
43% (10) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Note: It was not the intention of this experiment to make any particular group look bad, reinforce stereotypes nor to further a hidden agenda of any kind. The actions of a few members in a group should not, of course, be used to judge the whole group.

 

Comparing both Race and Gender at the same time:     <back to the top>

Of the 37 " White Females " tested:
95% (35) were honest and returned the wallets.
5% (2) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 14 " Black Females " tested:
64% (9) were honest and returned the wallets.
36% (5) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 40 " White Males " tested:
65% (26) were honest and returned the wallets.
35% (14) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 9 " Black Males " tested:
44% (4) were honest and returned the wallets.
56% (5) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Note: It was not the intention of this experiment to make any particular group look bad, reinforce stereotypes nor to further a hidden agenda of any kind. The actions of a few members in a group should not, of course, be used to judge the whole group.

Comparing both Race and Age at the same time:     <back to the top>

Of the 24 " Young White People " tested:
62% (15) were honest and returned the wallets.
38% (9) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 10 " Young Black People " tested:
40% (4) were honest and returned the wallets.
60% (6) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 30 " Middle-Aged White People " tested:
83% (25) were honest and returned the wallets.
17% (5) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 12 " Middle-Aged Black People " tested:
75% (9) were honest and returned the wallets.
25% (3) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 23 " Old White People " tested:
91% (21) were honest and returned the wallets.
9% (2) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

(NOTE: " Old Black People " could not be reliably tested because there was only one person who was both "Black" and "Old". Just one person is, of course, way too small of a sampling for a meaningful evaluation. The one "Old Black" who was tested was dishonest and kept the wallet.)

Note: It was not the intention of this experiment to make any particular group look bad, reinforce stereotypes nor to further a hidden agenda of any kind. The actions of a few members in a group should not, of course, be used to judge the whole group.

Comparing both  Age and Gender at the same time:     <back to the top>

Of the 22 " Young Males " tested:
41% (9) were honest and returned the wallets.
59% (13) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 12 " Young Females " tested:
83% (10) were honest and returned the wallets.
17% (2) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 14 " Middle-Aged Males " tested:
71% (10) were honest and returned the wallets.
29% (4) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 28 " Middle-Aged Females " tested:
86% (24) were honest and returned the wallets.
14% (4) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 13 " Old Males " tested:
85% (11) were honest and returned the wallets.
15% (2) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Of the 11 " Old Females " tested:
91% (10) were honest and returned the wallets.
9% (1) were dishonest and kept the wallets.

Note: It was not the intention of this experiment to make any particular group look bad, reinforce stereotypes nor to further a hidden agenda of any kind. The actions of a few members in a group should not, of course, be used to judge the whole group.



Misc. Q & A:     <back to the top>

Q: Given that females are more honest than males and that you tested more white females than black females - is not the Black vs. White comparison unfair? In other words - how do you know that gender didn't somehow effect the race results?
A: Good question. Lets go back to the results and compare White Females with Black Females and White Males with Black Males :
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Of the 37 " White Females " tested:
95% (35) were honest and returned the wallets.
5% (2) were dishonest and kept the wallets.
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Of the 14 " Black Females " tested:
64% (9) were honest and returned the wallets.
36% (5) were dishonest and kept the wallets.
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Of the 40 " White Males " tested:
65% (26) were honest and returned the wallets.
35% (14) were dishonest and kept the wallets.
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Of the 9 " Black Males " tested:
44% (4) were honest and returned the wallets.
56% (5) were dishonest and kept the wallets.
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Gender was NOT the reason for the difference between white people and black people. If it was, then white females would have stolen about the same as black females and white males would have stolen about the same as black males. As you can see that was not the case.


Q: Given that older people are more honest than young people and that there were more young blacks than old blacks - is not the Black vs. White comparison unfair? In other words - how do you know that age didn't somehow effect the race results?
A: Another good question. Lets go back to the results and compare Young Whites with Young Blacks and  Middle-Aged Whites  with Middle-Aged Blacks :
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Of the 24 " Young Whites " tested:
62% (15) were honest and returned the wallets.
38% (9) were dishonest and kept the wallets.
---------------------------------
Of the 10 " Young Blacks " tested:
40% (4) were honest and returned the wallets.
60% (6) were dishonest and kept the wallets.
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Of the 30 " Middle-Aged Whites " tested:
83% (25) were honest and returned the wallets.
17% (5) were dishonest and kept the wallets.
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Of the 12 " Middle-Aged Blacks " tested:
75% (9) were honest and returned the wallets.
25% (3) were dishonest and kept the wallets.
---------------------------------
Of the 23 " Old Whites " tested:
91% (21) were honest and returned the wallets.
9% (2) were dishonest and kept the wallets.
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(NOTE: " Old Blacks " could not be reliably tested because there was only one person who was both "Black" and "Old". Just one person is, of course, way too small of a sampling for a meaningful evaluation. The one "Old Black" who was tested was dishonest and kept the wallet.)
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Age was NOT the reason for the difference between white people and black people. If it was, then "Young Blacks" would have stolen about the same as "Young Whites". As you can see, that was not the case. Also, if age was the reason for the difference between white people and black people - then "Middle-Aged Blacks" would have stolen about the same as "Middle-Aged Whites". As you can see, that also was not the case.

Phone Recordings :     <back to the top>

Phone Recording with "Brian"

This jerk stole wallet #29 and instead of returning it, he attempted to redeem the $50.00 gift certificate that was inside. As you can tell from the recording - I did everything I could to give him a hard time. Obviously I was lying about the hidden $1,000 dollar bill. 

If you would like to see what "Brian" looks like, click HERE to watch the video of who picked up wallet #29.

(NOTE: This phone recording was edited to remove "Bad" words and private information such as Brian's last name and address).


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PART 1:


PART 2:


PART 3:

Phone Recording with "Paul"

This jerk stole wallet #93. Instead of returning the wallet he attempted to redeem the $50.00 gift certificate that was inside. This time I had a fake questionnaire prepared. My goal was to try to keep this schmuck on the phone for as long as possible. This guy never did give me his real name - he insisted that his name was "Paul Kinsella". I might have believed him if not for the fact that MY name is Paul Kinsella. 

If you would like to see what "Paul" looks like, click HERE to watch the video of who picked up wallet #93.

(Note: This phone recording was edited to remove private information such as his PO Box number).


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Phone Recording with "Unknown"

This jerk stole one of my wallets too. Like the other two guys he attempted to redeem the $50.00 gift certificate that was inside. Unfortunately I was not home when he called and my wife answered. She asked him to call back, but he never did. Too bad - I'm sure I would have had fun with this one


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What was inside the wallet?     <back to the top>

...Here is a list of what was inside each of the 100 wallets:

1)  One Wallet - (I searched the internet and found the cheapest wallets available. They only cost about $0.35 each if you buy twelve or more at a time. Considering the price they are really good wallets. There is a zipper at the top, little compartments for your credit cards and a small window to put an ID or a driver's licence. There is even a little mirror too.)

2) One ID Card - (Each wallet had an ID card inside its transparent window that could clearly be seen by anyone looking inside. It shows my name "Paul Kinsella" followed by my home address and phone number*. At the bottom of each ID card I wrote the word "LOT" followed by the wallet's unique number. For example, the wallet in the photo above is wallet #98 - so the ID is marked with "LOT-098".)
   *My address and phone number are blurred out in the photo above, but were legible in real life. - Duh.

3)  Two One-Dollar Bills - (Ideally I would have liked to have put at least $10 into each wallet, but I was working on a budget.)

4) Ten Pennies

5) One Fake $50.00 Gift Certificate - (These were added to makeup for the lack of cash. Each gift certificate was marked with a unique number written in the upper right-hand corner. For example, the gift certificate in wallet #98 had "GC098" written on it. Each gift certificate had the following message written on it: "This certificate can be exchanged for N.A.C.S. services or can be redeemed for cash by calling..." The number given is to a fake phone line I had added to my home. The idea was to trick dishonest people into calling and trying to redeem the fake gift certificates. Of the 100 wallets I dropped - 26 were stolen. Of those 26 - there were only 3 instances of people trying to redeem the stolen gift certificates.

6) One Fake Grocery List - (I added these to help make the wallets seem more real. They were all the same and were crumpled up to give them a 'used' look.)

7) One Fake Receipt - (They are photo-copies of a real gas station receipt with some of the numbers changed slightly. This was added to the wallets for the same reason as the fake grocery list - to add some realism. They were all the same and were crumpled up to give them a 'used' look.)

8) One Broken Tooth Pick - (Just a bit of miscellaneous trash to give the wallets a 'lived-in' feel.)

9) Pinch of Dirt - (Added to make the wallets look a little older.)


Frequently Asked Questions:     <back to the top>

Q: Who was more honest - women or men?
A: Women
Q: Who was more honest - younger people or older people?
A: Older People

Q: Why did you bother to film the people who picked up the wallets? Why not just drop the wallets and go?
A: That would have been fine if all we wanted to do was measure how honest people were in general. But we wanted to also compare various races, age groups and genders to each other. In order to do that we needed to see who it was that was picking up the wallets.

Q: Where did the experiment take place?
A: In a medium-sized American city.


Q: Who decided if someone was "white" or "black"? Those labels can be rather subjective.
A: True. To make it less subjective - the movies were evaluated by three different adults. They were the webmaster, the webmaster's wife and the webmaster's father. Each of them was asked (to the best of their ability) to identify the race, sex and approximate age of the "wallet pickers". If two out of three agreed on a person's race - then that became the persons "official" race.

Q: Aren't you invading people's privacy?
A: No. All filming was done in public places. If people don't want to be filmed doing dishonest or stupid things, then they should not do dishonest or stupid things in public.

Q: Why do some of your movies, of people picking up wallets, have annoying black boxes in them?
A: Sometimes the black boxes are there to block copyrighted logos on things like buildings and vending machines. Other times it is used to cover people's faces to protect their identity.

Q: You only covered the faces of some of the people in your movies; why not cover the faces of everyone?
A: Most of the videos were shot from so far away that it was not necessary to cover peoples faces to conceal their identity.

Q: How did you decide if a wallet was "stolen" or "returned"?
A: As follows:
    1) If the lost wallet went missing for more then 30 days - it was presumed to have been "Stolen".
    2) If we got the wallet back, but all the money was missing - then that was also considered "Stolen".
    3) If the lost wallet was returned within 30 days (by calling us or mailing the wallet to us) then the wallet was considered "Returned".
    4) If someone saw me drop the wallet and stopped me before I had a chance to walk away - then that is considered "Returned" as well.

Q: What happened when two or more people found the same wallet at the same time?
A: Who ever is the last person to be seen, on camera, holding the wallet prier to having items being removed from it - is considered, for the purposes of this experiment, the "wallet picker" - even if they were not the first person to find the wallet.
   For example: Wallet #35 was found by a teen-aged girl. After finding it she showed it to her 6 friends. One of her friends (a teen-aged boy) took the wallet and looked inside. Then all seven walked out of camera view. Even though the wallet was found by a teen-aged girl - it was the teen-aged boy who was last seen with it.







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